Volume 50, Q4, Article 5
Marković-Peković et al. Scr Med 2019;50(4):167-76.
The Characteristics of the Outpatient Utilisation of Medicines in the Republic of Srpska in the period 2009-2017
Vanda Marković-Peković1, Ljubica Bojanić2, Svjetlana Stoisavljević-Šatara3
(1) Department of Social Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
(2) Public Health Institute, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
(3) Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Background: Monitoring and measuring of the medicine utilisation enables to assess the quality of use of medicines, providing the evidence-based data for the improvement of the prescribing practice and a more rational use of medicines. The aim of this study was to analyse utilisation patterns of medicines and to compare the results with other countries.
Methods: A retrospective, observational study to analyse outpatient medicines utilisation in the Republic of Srpska between 2009 and 2017. Data of medicines utilisation were retrieved from the national database in the Public Health Institute of the Republic of Srpska and calculated and analysed by using the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical/Defined Daily Dose (ATC/DDD) methodology. The results were expressed as Defined Daily Doses (DDDs) per 1,000 inhabitants per day.
Results: Total medicines utilisation increased, from 448 DDDs in 2009 to 1,036 DDDs in 2017. Cardiovascular medicines (group C) were the most used medicines, and their share in the total utilisation increased from 36.6% in 2009 to 44.4% in 2017. Among them, the most frequently used were angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, plain and in combinations with diuretics, namely enalapril. The share of medicines used in diabetes in the total utilisation increased from 3.9% in 2009 to 5.1% in 2017. Metformin and glimepiride accounted for about 83% of the blood glucose lowering medicines group (A10B). Among the antithrombotic medicines, the most frequently used were platelet aggregation inhibitors (B01AC), mainly acetylsalicylic acid whose use tripled since 2009. Diclofenac was the most frequently used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic drug (M01).
Conclusion: The trend of increased medicines utilisation was observed in this study. This finding is comparable with other countries. Variations between countries in the preferred medicines within a class as well as the extent of medicines use were observed. These differences were probably consistent, but not solely attributable, to differences in local guidelines and reimbursement policies.
Key words: utilisation of medicines, ATC/DDD methodology, international comparisons, rational use.PDF version of article