ISSN 2490-3329 (Print)
ISSN 2303-7954 (Online)

Volume 50, Issue 2, Article 4

Grujičić et al. Scr Med 2019;50(2):82-8.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Results of the Kidney Transplant Programme at the University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska from 2010 to 2018

Milorad Grujičić1,2,  Milan Žigić2,3,  Milanko Maksić2,4, Slobodan Hajder3, Darko Golić2,5, Branislav Gašić, Dragan Rakanović5, Novak Vasić2,4, Nataša Laganin3, Zoran Roljić4, Ljubomir Stajčić6, Mirjana Mišković7, Dubravka Mićić-Zrnić1, Goran Topić1, Vlado Đajić8

(1) Department of Nephrology and Plasmapheresis, Clinic for Internal Medicine, University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
(2) Faculty of Medicine, University of Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
(3) Clinic for Vascular Surgery, Clinic for Urology, University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
(4) Clinic for Vascular Surgery, UniversityClinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska,
Bosnia and Herzegovina;
(5) Clinic for Anaesthesiology, University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska,
Bosnia and Herzegovina;
(6) Department of Radiology, University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
(7) Clinic for Psychiatry, University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
(8) Clinic for Neurology, University Clinical Centre of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, the Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

DOI 10.5937/scriptamed50-22278

UDK  616.61-089.813-06(497.6RS)“2010/2018“
COBISS.RS-ID 8317464

 

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Kidney transplantation is the best treatment for patients with
end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The aim of the study was to show the results of kidney transplantation performed in the University Clinical Centre of the Republic
of Srpska in the period 2010-2018.

Methods: This was a retrospective, 8-year observational cross-sectional study. Studied endpoints were overall patient survival, as well as graft survival rate in kidney transplant recipients. Recipient's age, gender, induction immunosuppressive therapy, the underlying cause of ESRD, the dialysis modality and post-operative complications (surgical, medical, urinary tract infections, electrolyte imbalance, and graft rejection) and their influence on the patient and graft survival rates were monitored.

Results: The 30 living-donor kidney transplantations were performed, 29 living-related donor and one living-unrelated donor renal transplantation. A total of 70% of kidney recipients were male, and 30% were female. The average age of patient was 34.43 ± 8.67 years. Induction immunosuppressive regimen was prescribed to 76.7% of transplanted patients. Graft rejection occurred in 5 patients (16.7%). The1-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 8-year patients survival rates were 100%, 100%, 96.97% and 93.33%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 8-year graft survival rates were 100%, 96.97%, 93.33% and 86.67%, respectively. The current mean value of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in 25 patients with functional graft was 81.8 ± 30.3 ml/min.
There was a statistically significant difference in the graft survival rate in the group with urinary tract infections (UTIs) (66.66%) compared to a group without UTIs (100%). Overall patient survival was significantly lower in the group with graft rejection (60%) compared to the group without graft rejection (92%). Kidney graft survival rate and overall patient survival have not been significantly different in terms of the studied factors (recipient’s age, gender, induction immunosuppressive treatment, underlying cause of ESRD, dialysis modality, surgical or medical complications, and electrolyte imbalance).

Conclusion: The results of living-donor kidney transplantation performed in the University Clinical Center of the Republic of Srpska are good in comparison with the results obtained at other centres.

Key words: kidney transplantation; living donor; graft survival rate; patient survival.

 

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