ISSN 2490-3329 (Print)
ISSN 2303-7954 (Online)

Volume 49, Issue 2, Article 9

(Scr Med 2018:49:132-136)
PROFESSIONAL ARTICLE

Open Surgical Biopsy in Diagnosis of Mammographically Detected Suspicious Microcalcifications

Aleksandar Guzijan1, Dragana Roganović2, Danijela Soprenić1

1 University clinical center of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2 Primary healthcare centre Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3 Faculty of Medicine, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

 


DOI 10.7251/SCMED1802132R
UDC 618.19-006-073
COBISS.RS-ID 7839000

 

ABSTRACT

Background: One of the earliest signs of breast cancer may be the presence of mammographically detected suspicious microcalcifications in the breast. The aim of the study was to present an open surgical biopsy of the mammographically detected suspicious microcalcifications in a breast, with preoperative wire marking of the lesions and intraoperative specimen radiography, as a reliable and valid procedure.

Material and Methods: The study included 80 female patients underwent surgery because of mammographically detected suspicious microcalcifications. The method of preoperative ultrasound-guided wire marking of a zone of microcalcification was performed in all patients.After wire marking, the control native mammography in ML and CC projections was performed, in order to locate the microcalcifications relative to the wire. In all patients, the extirpation of the suspicious microcalcifications was verified by the specimen radiography.

Results: In the definitive histopathological finding in situ component of ductal carcinoma of the breast was verified in nine (11,25%) examinees. High grade in situ component was verified in eight (10%) examinees and low grade in situ component in one examinee (1,25%). In 11 (13,75%) examinees, the invasive breast cancer with an extensive in situ component up to 50% was verified. In 46 (57,5%) of the examinees, benign, non-proliferative changes were verified, while proliferative changes characterized as premalignant condition (sclerosing adenosis, radial scar and atypical ductal hyperplasia) were verified in 14 (17,5%) examinees. Microcalcifications verified by specimen radiography are completely removed.

Conclusion: Presence of mammographically detected suspicious microcalcifications has a significant predictive value in the early detection of breast cancer. The method of an open surgical biopsy, as an alternative to stereotactic biopsy, is valid in diagnostic of the mammographically suspicious microcalcifications.

Key words: microcalcifications, US guide wire marking, open surgical biopsy, cancer, breast

 

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Corresponding author:
Aleksandar Guzijan
e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Manuscript received: October 8th, 2018
Manuscript accepted: November 14th, 2018